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      • About Real State Services By Ivan Cavric
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        About Real State Services By Ivan Cavric

        Real estate is "property exist of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, magnesia or water fix property of this nature an head vested in this an item of real property,buildings or housing in general. Also...

      • Market Segmentation
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        Market Segmentation

        The process of defining and subdividing a large homogenous market into clearly identifiable segments having similar needs, wants, or demand characteristics. Its objective is to design a marketing mix that precisely matches the expectations of...

      • Market Segmentation
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        Market Segmentation

        The process of defining and subdividing a large homogenous market into clearly identifiable segments having similar needs, wants, or demand characteristics. Its objective is to design a marketing mix that precisely matches the expectations of...

      • Market Economy
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        Market Economy

        A market economy is an economic system in which economic decisions and the pricing of goods and services are guided solely by the total interactions of a country's individual citizens and businesses. There is little government involvement or...


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          • Ivan Cavric

            The biggest  business challenge face today by ivan cavric

            An organization or financial system where goods and kindness are swap for one another or for money.

            Every business requires some form of venture and enough customers to whom its output can be sold on a stable  basis in order to make a profit.

            Businesses can be privately owned, not-for-profit or state-owned. An example of a corporate business is PepsiCo, while a mom-and-pop catering business is a private enterprise.

            We live in fast changing times, especially for businesses. Consider that, in a single generation, businesses have had to adapt to completely new marketing channels (web and social), decide how to invest in andexploit new technologies, and compete on a global stage — things that were hardely imaginable to our parents’ and grandparents’ generations.

            One side effect of these rapid changes and growth is that no single CEO — or any employee, for that matter — can be an expert in everything. This was, perhaps, always true, but it has never been more apparent.

            This is why, in my opinion, some of the biggest challenges businesses face today are best met and addressed with qualified consultants. Bringing on a consultant helps CEOs add the expertise and skills they need to address particular problems at particular times, and can provide the best possible outcomes.

            Just a few of the challenges I see businesses facing that are best addressed with the help of a consultant include:

            Uncertainty about the future

            Being able to predict customer trends, market trends, etc. is vital to a changing economic climate, but not every CEO has Warren Buffett-like predictive powers. Bringing in a consultant trained in reading and predicting those all-important trends could be the difference between a bright future and a murky one.

            Financial management

            Many CEOs I know are ideas people; that means they’re great at the big picture and disruptive thinking, but less good with things like cash flow, profit margins, reducing costs, financing, etc. Small and medium businesses may not require a full-time CFO, but would do better to employ a financial consultant who can step into the role as needed.

            Monitoring performance

            Using a meaningful set of rounded performance indicators that provide the business with insights about how well it is performing is key. Most business people I know are not experts in how to develop KPIs, how to avoid the key pitfalls and how to best communicate metrics so that they inform decision-making. In most cases companies rely on overly simple finance indicators that just clog up the corporate reporting channels.

            Regulation and compliance

            As markets and technologies shift, so do rules and regulations. Depending on your industry, it can make much more sense to bring in a consultant to help with these areas rather than trying to understand the complexities yourself — and risk fines or worse for non-compliance.

            Competencies and recruiting the right talent

            Again, a small or medium-sized business might not need full-time human resources or recruiting staff, but during peak growth periods, finding the right people and developing the right skills and competencies is the key to a sustainable future. Bringing in a consultant with the expertise to find exactly the workers you need would be a wise investment.


            As technologies change practically at the speed of light, it’s vital for companies to innovate or be left behind — but many CEOs started their careers and businesses before many of these technologies even existed! Consultants can be vital for integrating new technologies, in particular mobile, app development, and cloud computing.

            Exploding data

            Grandpa’s generation certainly didn’t have to deal with terabytes of data or worry about what to do with it. 90% of the world’s data was created in the past two years and managing, keeping safe and extracting insights from the ever-increasing amounts of data your company produces needs to be in the hands of a qualified professional who can help you get the most return from that data.

            Customer service

            In a world of instant gratification, customers expect instant customer service — and can take to the web to share their displeasure at less than satisfactory service just as quickly. Consultants can find ways to improve customer service and bring it into the 21st century.

            Maintaining reputation

            In a similar vein, because customers can voice any displeasure so much more publicly and loudly than ever before, businesses have to monitor and maintain their online reputations. And while it’s an important task, it’s one best suited to a third party who can monitor and mediate with a certain amount of distance.

            Knowing when to embrace change

            Early adopter or late to the game? Consultants can help CEOs determine when to embrace change and when to stay the course. Not everything new is better, yet eschewing every change runs the risk of becoming obsolete. A professional outside opinion can make all the difference in these decisions.

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            • Ivan Cavric

              Management Techniques

              Management techniques are not small-phrase devise used to move worker, but rather viable methods of control that help to develop a productive working.

              Being an productive manager requires incident in your industry and experience with differ board ability. Management techniques are not small-term devise used to motivate employees, but rather effectual methods of managing that help to develop a creative workplace. There is no single managing  ability that works in all state, which is why it is important to become known with more than one.

              The Top 5 Management Techniques


              Everyone remembers what it is like to be in a job where one person is the favorite links and shining star of the team. Favour not only promote an environment rife with functional, it hinder motivation,choke  productivity and closes the door completely on the drive for excellence.  Associates need to know that moment for their professional growth and career improvement are alive and well on a level playing field.  Managers are the gatekeepers for those playing fields.  They denote their awareness and devotion to their individual team members by conducting regular one on one meetings, checking in round the year to ensure associates are within noticeable distance of their annual goals, and providing solid feedback for a host of performance activity.  Something as simple as giving every identify a fair chance to book their highly-coveted, but elusive, floating holidays can send a positive message to one’s team.  In the world of management, fairness often means a call to action.  When negative situations occur, the team looks to management for a reaction that is fair and suitable. If management fails to act, the dismay experienced by associates quickly display into negativity, mistrust, and decreased motivation.


              Best practices are successful because they are rooted in defined unity.Associates need to know that actions have consequences.  As managers, it is all too easy to overlook the small sin of the over-achievers on our teams – after all, they stay late all the time – so what is the big deal if they are 10 minutes late three days per week?  This management style sends two very risky messages.  First, the over-achiever in time will feel empowered and be viewed as the recipient of favour. Secondly, the other team members will eventually assume, “what is good for the goose is good for the gander.” Legitimately, they ask themselves, “what’s the big deal when other people are late more than me?”  The fairness principle cures many ills when utilized consistently across the entire team.   A good example of this comes into play when dealing with associate appointments.  You cannot approve an early departure dentist appointment for one associate and later deny a late arrival for a teacher meeting. While associates have lives, we at the same time are charged with running our business unit in the most productive and productive way possible.  When associates ask for the time, I grant the request but conditionally – how do you want to make up the time – by vacation time or early arrival/late departure later in the week?  Remarkably, few associates take advantage and I have never had to call an associate to task for neglecting to make up the time.

              Open To New Ideas

              Whenever I am given a new team to manage, I arrange for a team meeting to give my link the opportunity to learn about me and my expectations.  A reoccur theme has always been that I am only interested in hearing complaints if they are immediately followed by a new and better suggestion that has the possibility of implementation.  It is amazing how creative and resourceful associates can be when confronted with an outmoded process or difficult colleague.  This technique is so communicable that it actually inspires people to step up and face many persistent challenges head on.  It is also a great framework for fostering empowerment as the team melds over time.  A great example of this occurred recently when one of my associates identified a glitch with one of our clients.  I told her what the new procedure should be going forward and checked it off my list.  The next day, the same tenured associate approached me with what she thought was a more comprehensive solution.  It kept the pieces that were working in tact while providing a remedy for the broken arm of the process.   She was 100% spot on and I told her so, thanking her for stepping up with an enhanced idea that would be a win/win for all.  We cannot ask our associates to change if we ourselves are resistant to change or cling to ideas because at their core, they are not only flawed, but just so happen to be our propositions.


              Your team can only move forward and be successful if they feel empowered!  Empowerment cannot be taught – it is cultivated and nurtured.  From its early germination, the ideal environment is rooted in trust, frequent feedback, an environment of acceptance and mutual respect.  All these characteristics serve to create a “safe” environment.  If associates fear rejection, not only will they forever be siloed into mediocrity, they will eventually take hostages to the land of limited thinking and moderate success.  I have always conveyed to my teams that there would be no tolerance for “in-fighting.”  As a member of the team, they are not competing with each other; rather they are competing with themselves.  They have the power to identify and strive toward the next level of professional growth.  I am frequently impressed and delighted as I watch the associates on my team share information, offer assistance when someone appears to be struggling and ultimately take charge.  No where is that more evident than in our weekly team meeting.  We take turns – all of us!  I create a schedule and each week a different team member solicits agenda items, creates the agenda, hosts the meeting and prepares the minutes.  The team meeting is what you make it!  By providing a regular forum, my associates are comfortable speaking in front of a group, eager to voice their opinions, accepting of sometimes lively debate, and ready, willing and able to take on additional responsibility each week.


              Sometimes the method of message delivery is just as important as the content itself.  The phrase, “know your audience” certainly applies in the workplace and on one’s team. All too often, we forget that even adults have learning challenges, processing issues and over-loaded circuits.   For those times when a team is challenged by poor performance by an associate, the delivery and documentation of information is crucial.  Certain messages are worthy of repetition – especially in situations where a team is confronted with a “negative Nellie.”  Typically, I use our team meeting to convey information.  The minutes from the meeting serve as another form of documentation.  Both these venues set the stage for further discussion during monthly (or more often in certain cases) one on ones.   Email is also a great tool because it creates history.  Whatever the format, it is so important to “check in” with associates and provide ample opportunity for questions and clarification.  As a manager, I strive to be regarded as approachable – it is the framework for productive communication

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              • Ivan Cavric
                Ivan Cavric published a blog post Managerial Accounting

                Financial Accounting/Ivan-Cavric

                Financial accounting is the process of recording,condense and reporting the mass of transactions resulting from business operations over a period of time. These transactions are summarized in the preparation of financial statements, including the stability sheet, income statement and cash flow statement, that enclose the company's operating performance over a specified period.

                BREAKING DOWN 'Financial Accounting'

                Financial accounting utilizes a series of  accepted accounting principles. The selection of accounting principles to use during the course of financial accounting depends on the regulatory and reporting requirements the business faces. For public companies in the United States, businesses are required to perform financial accounting in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). International public companies also frequently report financial statements in accordance to International Financial Reporting Standards. The establishment of these consider principles is to provide consistent information to investors, creditors, regulators and tax power.

                Accrual Method Vs. Cash Method

                Financial accounting may be performed using either the accrual method, cash method or a combination of the two. Accrual accounting entails recording transactions when the transactions have occurred and the revenue is noticeable Cash accounting entails recording transactions only upon the exchange of cash. Revenue is only recorded upon the receipt of payment, and expenses are only recorded upon the payment of the contract.

                Financial Accounting Reporting

                Financial reporting occurs through the use of financial statements. The financial statements present the five main classifications of financial data: revenues, expenses, assets, liabilities and equity. Earning and expenses are accounted for and reported on the income statement. Financial accounting results in the determination of net income at the bottom of the income statement. Assets, liabilities and equity accounts are reported on the balance sheet. The balance sheet utilizes financial accounting to report ownership of the future economic benefits of the company.

                Financial Accounting Vs. Managerial Accounting

                The key difference between financial and managerial accounting is that financial accounting aims at providing information to parties outside the organization, whereas managerial accounting information is aimed at helping managers within the organization make decisions. Financial statement preparation using accounting principles is most relevant to regulatory organizations and financial institutions. Because there are numerous accounting rules that do not translate well into business operation management, different accounting rules and procedures are utilized by internal management for internal business analysis.


                Accounting Certifications

                The most common accounting designation reveal an ability to perform financial accounting within the United States is the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) license. Outside of the United States, holders of the Chartered Accountant (CA) license reveal the ability as well. The Certified Management Accountant (CMA) designation demonstrates more an ability to perform internal management functions than financial accounting.

                Compete, Risk Free with $100,000 in Virtual Cash.

                Accounting is the systematic and comprehensive recording of financial transactions pertaining to a business, and it also refers to the process of summarizing, analyzing and reporting these transactions to oversight agencies and tax collection entities. Accounting is one of the key functions for almost any business; it may be handled by a bookkeeper and accountant at small firms or by decent finance departments with dozens of employees at large companies.

                BREAKING DOWN 'Accounting'

                The reports generated by various streams of accounting, such as cost accounting and management accounting, are invaluable in helping management make informed business decisions. While basic accounting functions can be handled by a bookkeeper, advanced accounting is typically handled by qualified accountants who possess designations such as Certified Public Accountant (CPA) in the United States, or Chartered Accountant (CA), Certified General Accountant (CGA) or Certified Management Accountant (CMA) in Canada.

                Creating Financial Statements

                The financial statements that summarize a large company's operations, financial position and cash flows over a particular period are concise statements based on thousands of financial transactions. As a result, all accounting designations are the climax of years of study and diligent examinations combined with a minimum number of years of practical accounting experience.

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                • Ivan Cavric

                  How to create a social media plan

                  A social media marketing plan is the summary of everything you plan to do and hope to achieve for your business using social networks. This plan should contain an audit of where your report are today, goals for where you want them to be in the near destiny, and all the tools you want to use to get there.


                  In general, the more specific you can get with your plan, the more effective you’ll be in its implementation. Try to keep it concise. Don’t make your social media marketing strategy so high and broad that it’s unreachable The plan will guide your actions, but it will also be a measure by which you determine whether you’re triumph or blemish You don’t want to set yourself up for failure from the starting point.

                  • Create social media objectives and goals

                  The first step to any social media marketing strategy is to establish the objectives and goals that you hope to achieve. Having these objectives also allows you to quickly react when social media campaigns are not meeting your expectations. Without goals, you have no means of gauging success or proving your social media return on investment (ROI).

                  These goals should be aligned with your broader marketing strategy, so that your social media efforts drive toward your business objectives. If your social media marketing strategy is shown to support business goals, you’re more likely to get executive buy-in and investment.

                  Go beyond vanity metrics such as Retweets and Likes. Focus on advanced metrics such as leads generated, web referrals, and conversion rate.

                  You should also use the SMART framework when setting your goals. This means that each objective should be specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound.

                  ·Conduct a social media audit

                  Prior to creating your social media marketing plan, you need to assess your current social media use and how it’s working. This means figuring out who is currently connecting with you via social, which social media sites your target market uses, and how your social media presence compares to your competitors’.

                  Once you’ve conducted your audit you should have a clear picture of every social account representing your business, who runs or controls them, and what purpose they serve. This inventory should be maintained regularly, especially as you scale your business.

                  It should also be evident which accounts need to be updated and which need to be deleted altogether. If your audit uncovers fraudulent accounts—a fake branded Twitter profile, for example—report them. Reporting fraudulent accounts will help ensure that people searching for you online only connect with the accounts you manage.

                  As part of your social media audit you’ll also want to create mission statements for each network. These one-sentence declarations will help you focus on a very specific goal for Instagram, Facebook, or any other social network. They will guide your actions and help steer you back on track if your efforts begin to lag.

                  Take the time you need to determine the purpose of every social profile you have. If you can’t figure out its purpose, you should probably delete that profile.

                  ·Create or improve your social accounts 

                  Once you’ve finished with your social media audit, it’s time to hone your online presence. Choose which networks best meet your social media goals. If you don’t already have social media profiles on each network you focus on, build them from the ground up with your broader goals and audience in mind. If you do have existing accounts, it’s time to update and refine them to get the best possible results.

                  We’ve created a guide on How to Set-up Facebook, Twitter, and Every Other Major Social Network to walk you through that process. Each social network has a unique audience and should be treated differently.

                  Optimizing profiles for SEO can help generate more web traffic to your online properties. Cross-promoting social accounts can extend the reach of content. In general, social media profiles should be filled out completely, and images and text should be optimized for the social network in question.

                  ·Get social media inspiration from industry leaders, competitors, clients

                  Not sure what kinds of content and information will get you the most engagement? For inspiration, look to what others in your industry are sharing and use social media listening to see how you can distinguish yourself from competitors and appeal to prospects they might be missing.

                  Consumers can also offer social media inspiration, not only through the content that they share but in the way that they phrase their messages. See how your target audience writes Tweets, and strive to mimic that style. Also learn their habits—when they share and why—and use that as a basis for your social media marketing plan.

                  A final source of social media inspiration is industry leaders. There are giants who do an incredible job of social media marketing, from Red Bull and Taco Bell to KLM Airlines and Tangerine Bank. Companies in every industry imaginable have managed to distinguish themselves through advanced social media strategies. Follow them and learn everything you can. See if they’ve shared any social media advice or insight elsewhere on the web.

                  ·Create a content plan and editorial calendar

                  Having great content to share will be essential to succeeding at social media. Your social media marketing plan should include a content marketing plan, comprised of strategies for content creation and content curation, as well as an editorial calendar.

                  Your content marketing plan should answer the following questions:

                  • What types of content you intend to post and promote on social media
                  • How often you will post content
                  • Target audience for each type of content
                  • Who will create the content
                  • How you will promote the content

                  Your editorial calendar lists the dates and times you intend to publish blogs, Instagram and Facebook posts, Tweets, and other content you plan to use during your social media campaigns.

                  Create the calendar and then schedule your messaging in advance rather than updating constantly throughout the day. This gives you the opportunity to work hard on the language and format of these messages rather than writing them on the fly whenever you have time. Be spontaneous with your engagement and customer service rather than your content.

                  Make sure your calendar reflects the mission statement you’ve assigned to each social profile. If the purpose of your LinkedIn account is to generate leads, make sure you are sharing enough lead generation content. You can establish a content matrix that defines what share of your profile is allocated to different types of posts. For example:

                  • 50 percent of content will drive back to your blog
                  • 25 percent of content will be curated from other sources
                  • 20 percent of content will support enterprise goals (selling, lead generation, etc.)
                  • five percent of content will be about HR and culture

                  If you’re unsure of how to allocate your resources, a safe bet is to follow the Social Media Rule of Thirds:

                  • One-third of your social content promotes your business, converts readers, and generates profit
                  • One-third of your social content should share ideas and stories from thought leaders in your industry or like-minded businesses
                  • One-third of your social content should be personal interactions with your audience

                  ·Test, evaluate and adjust your social media marketing plan 

                  To find out what adjustments need to be made to your social media marketing strategy, you should constantly be testing. Build testing capabilities into every action you take on social networks. For example, you could:

                  • Track the number of clicks your links get on a particular platform using URL shorteners and UTM codes
                  • Use Hootsuite’s social media analytics to track the success and reach of social campaigns
                  • Track page visits driven by social media with Google Analytics
                  • Altamash Mir
                    Altamash Mir rated Leader & Learner/ivan cavric's Rating with 5 stars
                      Ivan Cavric
                      • 5/5 (1 votes)
                      Bookmark by Ivan Cavric

                      Leaders help themselves and others to do the right things. They set route, build an incline vision, and create something new. Leadership is about plot out where you need to go to "win" as a team or an organization; and it is dynamic,rousing  and inspiring. 

                      Leader & learner


                      Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu’s millions of monthly readers. Title: Leader & learner,...

                      • Ivan Cavric

                        Leader &Learner/ivan cavric

                        Leaders help themselves and others to do the right things. They set route, build an incline vision, and create something new. Leadership is about plot out where you need to go to "win" as a team or an organization; and it is dynamic,rousing  and inspiring. 


                        The day before the race, Fangio had seen a photograph of a similar misshape in 1936. As he approached Tabac, he noticed something about the crowd – an unusual color. Fangio realized that, instead of seeing their faces, he was seeing the backs of their heads. Something further down the road had to be entrance their attention. That made him recall the photograph.

                        Like Fangio, leaders must scan the world for signals of change, and be able to react instantaneously. We live in a world that increasingly requires what psychologist Howard Gardner calls searchlight intelligence. That is, the ability to connect the dots between people and ideas, where others see no possible connection. An informed perspective is more important than ever in order to anticipate what comes next and succeed in emerging futures.

                        As the saying goes, “The best way to predict the future is to create it.” But how can business leaders make meaning of a playing field that is constantly changing shape

                        The Best Leaders are the Best Learners

                        To find their way in societal shifts, leaders cannot rely on static maps, nor can they hope to manage complexity through fixating on the details. To do so would be to fall into the trap described by Jorge Luis Borges and Adolfo Bioy Casares in their 1946 short story “On Exactitude in Science,” in which empire cartographers draw up a map so detailed – the scale is a mile to a mile – that it ends up covering the whole territory and leads to the downfall of the empire. It’s a story of absurdity and unintended consequences, surely two things leaders today can appreciate.

                        Reinvention and relevance in the 21st century instead draw on our ability to adjust our way of thinking, learning, doing and being. Leaders must get comfortable with living in a state of continually becoming, a perpetual beta mode. Leaders that stay on top of society’s changes do so by being receptive and able to learn. In a time where the half-life of any skill is about five years, leaders bear a responsibility to renew their perspective in order to secure the relevance of their organizations.

                        As we attempt to transition into a networked creative economy, we need leaders who promote learning and who master fast, relevant, and autonomous learning themselves. There is no other way to address the wicked problems facing us. If work is learning and learning is the work, then leadership should be all about enabling learning. In a recent Deloitte study, Global Human Capital Trends 2015, 85% of the respondents cited learning as being either important or very important. Yet, according to the study, more companies than ever report they are unprepared to address this challenge.


                        John Hagel, John Seely Brown, and Lang Davidson have described the shift toward a massive transformation from institutions designed for scalable efficiency to institutions designed for scalable learning. The key is to find ways to connect and participate in knowledge flows that challenge our thinking and allow us to discover new ways of connecting, collaborating and getting work done faster, smarter and better.

                        Personal Knowledge Mastery

                        Sustainable competitive advantage depends on having people that know how to build relationships, seek information, make sense of observations and share ideas through an intelligent use of new technologies. To help leaders do that, we’ve developed a process we call Personal Knowledge Mastery (PKM), a lifelong learning strategy. It is a method for individuals to take control of their professional development through a continuous process of seeking, sensing-making, and sharing.

                        Seek is about finding things out and keeping up to date. In a world overflowing with information, we need smart filters to sort out the valuable information. It requires that we regularly evaluate and adjust the information sources that we base our thinking and decision making on. What matters today is being connected to a wise network of trusted individuals who can help us filter useful information, expose blind spots and open our eyes.

                        Sense is how we personalize information and use it. Sensing includes reflection and putting into practice what we learn. It is a process based on critical thinking where we weave together our thoughts, experiences, impressions and feelings to make meaning of them. By writing a blog post or noting ideas down, we contextualize and reinforce our learning.

                        Share includes exchanging resources, ideas, and experiences with our networks as well as collaborating with our colleagues. Sharing is a contributing process where we pass our knowledge forward, work alongside others, go through iterations and collectively learn from important insights and reflections. We build respect and trust by being relevant when we share to our social networks, or speak in front of a crowd.

                        There is a wide range of digital tools out there for each of the PKM activities that can be fitted into a busy schedule and help people become self-directed, autonomous learners. Which tools to use depends largely on the context and personal preferences. Tools are important, but mastery in a digital age is only achieved if you know how to establish trust, respect, and relevance in human networks.

                        By seeking, sensing, and sharing, everyone in an organization can become part of a learning organism, listening at different frequencies, scanning the horizon, recognizing patterns and making better decisions on an informed basis.

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                        • Ivan Cavric

                          The Corporate Restructuring is the process of making changes in the composition of a firm’s one or more business portfolios in order to have a more profitable enterprise. Simply, reorganizing the structure of the organization to fetch more profits from its operations or is best suited to the present situation.


                          Corporate restructuring


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                          • Ivan Cavric

                             corporate restructuring

                            Restructuring is the common management term for the act of  change the legal, ownership, operational, or other structures of a company for the purpose of making it more profitable, or better organized for its present needs. Other reasons for restructuring include a change of ownership or ownership structure, demerger, or a response to a crisis or major change in the business such as bankruptcy, repositioning, or buyout. Restructuring may also be described as corporate restructuring, bill restructuring and financial restructuring.

                            Management involved in restructuring often hire financial and legal advisors to assist in the contract details and negotiation. It may also be done by a new CEO hired specifically to make the difficult and arguable decisions required to save or reposition the company. It generally involves financing account, selling portions of the company to coverer and reorganizing or reducing operations.

                            The basic nature of restructuring is a zero-sum game. Strategic restructuring reduces financial losses, simultaneously reducing tensions between debt and equity holders to facilitate a prompt resolution of a distressed situation.

                            Corporate restructuring entails any fundamental change in a company's business or financial structure, designed to increase the company's value to shareholders or creditor. Corporate restructuring is often divided into two parts:  financial restructuring and operational restructuring. Financial restructuring relates to improvements in the capital structure of the firm. An example of financial restructuring would be to add debt to lower the corporation's overall cost of capital. For otherwise viable firms under stress it may mean debt rescheduling or equity-for-debt swaps based on the strength of the firm.  If the firm is in bankruptcy, this financial restructuring is laid out in the plan of reorganization. The second meaning, operational restructuring, is the process of increasing the economic viability of the underlying business model. Examples include mergers, the sale of divisions or abandonment of product lines, or cost-cutting measures such as closing down unprofitable facilities. In most turnarounds and bankruptcy situations, both financial and operational restructuring must occur simultaneously to save the business.

                            Corporate financial restructuring involves restructuring the assets and liabilities of corporations, including their debt-to-equity structures, in line with their cash-flow needs to promote efficiency, support growth, and maximize the value to shareholders, creditors and other stakeholders. These objectives make it sound like restructuring is done pro-actively, that it is initiated by management or the board of directors. While that is sometimes the case -- examples include share buybacks and leveraged recapitalizations -- more often the existing structure remains in place until a crisis emerges. Then the motives are defensive -- as in defenses against a hostile takeover -- or distress-induced, where creditors threaten to enforce their rights.

                            Financial restructuring may mean refinancing at every level of capital structure, including:

                            • Securing asset-based loans (accounts receivable, inventory, and equipment) 
                            • Securing mezzanine and subordinated debt financing 
                            • Securing institutional private placements of equity 
                            • Achieving strategic partnering 
                            • Identifying potential merger candidates 

                            Types of restricting



                            1. Financial Restructuring: The Financial Restructuring may take place due to a drastic fall in the sales because of the adverse economic conditions. Here, the firm may change the equity pattern, cross-holding pattern, debt-servicing schedule and the equity holdings. All this is done to sustain the profitability of the firm and sustain in the market. Generally, the financial or legal advisors are hired to assist the firms in the negotiations.
                            2. Organizational Restructuring: The Organizational Restructuring means changing the structure of an organization, such as reducing the hierarchical levels, downsizing the employees, redesigning the job positions and changing the reporting relationships. This is done to cut the cost and pay off the outstanding debt to continue with the business operations in some manner.

                            The need for a corporate restructuring arises because of the change in company’s ownership structure due to a merger or takeover, adverse economic conditions, adverse changes in business such as bankruptcy or buyouts, over employed personnel, lack of integration between the divisions, etc.

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                            • Jimmy Stepanian
                              • 5/5 (5 votes)

                              Every business person knows that productivity is one of the important key ingredients for successful product development. Delivering the good products or services at the right valu/cost with strong marketing support will confirm you are competitive. To stay combative, you will need to keep your offer fresh that means keeping up with tendency in your market, emerging technology and perfection to existing products.

                              1.  Generating

                              Use basic internal and external SWOT analyses, as well as new or current marketing trends, one can distance themselves from the competition by creating ideologies which take affordability, ROI, and widespread distribution any costs into account.
                              2.  Screening The Idea

                              The possessing more aviation industry than other states, is seeing many new change stop with Step 2 screening.  Do you go/no go? Choose specific criteria for ideas that should be continued or dropped. Stick to the agreed upon criteria so poor projects can be sent back to the idea hopper early on.

                              3. Testing The Concept

                              Concept testing is done after idea screening. And it is very important to note, it is different from test marketing.

                              4. Business Analytics

                              During the Product Development process, build a system of metrics to monitor progression. Include input metrics, such as average time in each stage, as well output metrics that measure the value of launched products and percentage of new product sales and other figures that provide useful feedback. So it is important for an organization to be in agreement for these criteria and metrics

                              5. Beta / Marketability Tests

                              Set private tests groups, launching beta versions, and then forming test panels after the product or products have been tested will provide you with valuable information allowing last minute improvements. Not to mention helping to generate a small amount of buzz. WordPress is becoming synonymous with beta testing, and it is effective. Thousands of programmers contribute code, millions test it, and finally even more download the completed end-product.

                              6. Technicalities + Product Development

                              Provided the technical feature can be perfected without alterations to post-beta products, heading towards a smooth step 7 is close.The production department will make all plans to produce the product. The marketing department will make plans to distribute the product. The finance department will provide the finance for introducing the new product.

                              7. Commercialize

                              At this level, your product developments have gone mainstream, consumers are purchasing your good or service, and technical support is consistently monitoring progress.  Keeping your distribution pipelines loaded with products is an integral part of this process too, as one prefers not to give physical (or perpetual) shelf space to competition. Change regulary advertisements during this stage will keep your product name firmly supplanted into the minds of those in the contemplation stages of purchase.

                              8.  Post Launch Review and Perfect Pricing

                              Review the process efficiency and look for continues improvements. Most new products are introduced with introductory pricing, in which final prices are nailed down after consumers have ‘gotten in’.  In this final stage, you will gauge overall value relevant to COGS (cost of goods sold), making sure internal costs are not overshadowing new product profits. You continuously differentiate consumer needs as your products age, forecast profits and improve delivery process whether physical, or digital, products are being perpetuated.

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                              • Jimmy Stepanian
                                Jimmy Stepanian rated Contrarian Investing's Rating with 5 stars
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                                  Investing | Value Investing | Investing


                                  Contrarian is an investing style that goes against succeed market trends by buying poorly performing resource and then selling when they perform well by ivan7cavric

                                  • Ivan Cavric

                                    Contrarian Investing

                                    What does 'Contrarian' mean

                                    Contrarian is an investing style that goes against succeed market trends by buying poorly performing resource and then selling when they perform well. A contrarian investor believes the people who say the market is going up do so only when they are fully invested and have no further consumerism. At this point, the market is at a summit; when people forseet a descent they have already sold out, at which point the market can only go up.

                                    BREAKING DOWN 'Contrarian'

                                    Contrarian investing also foreground out-of-favor securities with low P/E ratios. For more on indicators that contrarians monitor.Contrarian investing is a type of investment strategy difrenciate by buying and selling against the grain of investor point of view during a specific time. A contrarian investor enters the market when others are feeling negative about it and the value is lower than its innate value. When there is an overarching gloomy sentiment on a stock, it has the possibility of lowering the price so low, the ruination and risks of the company's stock are extravagent. Figuring out which mellow stocks to buy and selling them once the company recovers, thus foster the stock value, is the major play for contrarian investors. This can lead to securities returning gains much higher than usual. However, being too optimistic on hyped stocks can have the opposite effect.

                                    Detail of  market economy

                                    Many contrarians have the view of the market as an  timeless bear market. This does not necessarily mean they view the market as negative but keep a healthy doubt as to how certain general investors feel about the market. Overly high valuations can lead to eventual drops when investors' expectations do not work out. The principles behind contrarian investing can be applied to individual stocks, an industry as a whole or even entire markets.

                                    Similarities to Value Investment

                                    Contrarian investing is similar to value investing because both value and contrarian investors look for disparity in price between investments, seeing if an asset class is undervalued in the current market. Many famous value investors see there is a fine line between value investing and contrarian investing as they both look for undervalued securities to turn a profit dependent on reading the current market attitude. One main difference is the importance of the P/E ratio in value investing as opposed to contrarian investors who take this into consideration but also try to read the qualitative importance of the market, which includes media narration, analyst forecasts and trading volume.

                                    Relationship With Behavioral Finance

                                    Contrarians also touch upon a lot of basic principles included in behavioral finance. Some behavioral finance ideas are that of investors as a collective and their interaction with trends. For example if a stock has been performing badly, it is going to stay that way for some time, along with a secure strong stock also staying that way.

                                    Test Your Skills With Trading Challenges

                                    Put your trading skills to the test with our free Store Simulator. The ideal platform to get your financial feet wet! Submit trades in a virtual environment before you start risking your own capital. A technical indicator that measures the relative position of the most recent closing price to a selected moving average and reports the value as a percentage. A value greater than zero suggests that the asset is gaining upward momentum, while a value less than zero can be elucidate as a sign that selling pressure is increasing.

                                    BREAKING DOWN 'Disparity Index'

                                    Extreme values of this indicator can be a very useful tool for contrarian investors to foretell periods of exhaustion. Once the price is excessively pushed in one direction, there are very few investors to take the other side of the transaction when the contributor wish to close their position, ultimately leading to a price reversal. Similar to the ROC indicator, important signals are generated when the indicator crosses over the zero line because it is an early signal that force is building.





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                                      Wikki Verma rated Market Economy's Rating with 5 stars
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                                        A market economy is an economic system in which economic decisions and the pricing of goods and services are guided solely by the total interactions of a country's individual citizens and businesses. There is little government involvement or central planning. This is the opposite of a centrally planned economy, in which government decisions drive most feature of a country's economic activity.



                                        A market economy is an economic system in which economic decisions and the pricing of goods and services are guided solely by the total interactions of a country’s individual citizens and businesses....

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                                          Wikki Verma rated Market Segmentation's Rating with 5 stars
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                                            The process of defining and subdividing a large homogenous market into clearly identifiable segments having similar needs, wants, or demand characteristics. Its objective is to design a marketing mix that precisely matches the expectations of customers in the targeted segment.



                                            Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu’s millions of monthly readers. Title: Segmentation, Author:...

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                                                The process of defining and subdividing a large homogenous market into clearly identifiable segments having similar needs, wants, or demand characteristics. Its objective is to design a marketing mix that precisely matches the expectations of customers in the targeted segment.

                                                Market segmentation is the process of separate a wide customer or business market


                                                Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu’s millions of monthly readers. Title: Market segmentation...

                                                • Ivan Cavric

                                                  What is a 'Market Economy'

                                                  A market economy is an economic system in which economic decisions and the pricing of goods and services are guided solely by the total interactions of a country's individual citizens and businesses. There is little government involvement or central planning. This is the opposite of a centrally planned economy, in which government decisions drive most feature of a country's economic activity.

                                                  BREAKING DOWN 'Market Economy'

                                                  The theoretical basis for market economies was developed by classical economic such as Adam Smith, David Ricardo and Jean-Baptiste Say in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. These classically liberal free market advocates believed that protectionism and government involvement tended to lead to economic inefficiencies that actually made people worse off.

                                                  Market Theory

                                                  Market economies work on the assumption that forces such as supply and demand are the best determinants of aggregate wellbeing. Strict adherents to the theory rarely engage in government interventions such as price fixing, license quotas and industry subsidies. Theoretical proponents argue that central planners could not possibly gather and analyze enough information to make the optimal economic decision for all participants. Instead, each rational person with perfect information and free will should be able to maximize his well being given the set of options with which he is presented. Moreover, this allows individuals to attach different amounts of value to leisure, wealth, goods or future consumption. The personal economic value of these different aspects is known as utility. Detractors assert that the conditions that allow markets to function properly cannot hold in the real world. They contend that information is not perfect and universal; many people do not behave rationally; and corruption and uninhibited power can allow certain actors to exercise undue influence at the expense of others.

                                                  Modern Market Economies

                                                  Almost every economy in the modern world falls somewhere along a continuum running from pure market to fully planned. Most developed nations are technically mixed economies because they blend free markets with some government interference. However, they are often said to have market economies because they allow market forces to drive the vast majority of activities, typically engaging in government intervention only to the extent it is needed to provide stability.

                                                  Although the market economy is clearly the popular system of choice, there is significant debate regarding the amount of government intervention considered optimal for efficient economic operations. Nations such as Cuba, China and North Korea have been heavily influenced by the Communist theories under Marxism-Leninism, which promote coordinated economic activity and centralized planning to achieve egalitarian and shared outcomes. Such economies have struggled at times due to corruption, inept leadership, limitations to the application of these theories and trade sanctions from capitalist nations.

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                                                  A centrally planned economy is an economic system in which the state or government makes economic decisions rather than the interaction between consumers and businesses. Unlike a market economy in which private citizens and business owners make production decisions, a centrally planned economy controls what is produced and the distribution and use of resources. State-owned enterprises undertake the production of goods and services.

                                                  BREAKING DOWN 'Centrally Planned Economy'

                                                  Most developed nations have mixed economies that combine aspects of central planning with the free market systems promoted by classical and neoclassical economists. Most of these systems skew heavily toward free markets, with government interventions only for certain trade protections and coordination of certain public services.

                                                  Theory of Central Planning

                                                  Centrally planned economies assume that the market does not work in the best interest of the people and that a central authority needs to make decisions to meet social and national objectives. These justifications are often made on the grounds of egalitarianism, environmentalism, anti-corruption or anti-consumerism, which proponents of central planning do not consider that the free market adequately addresses. The state can set prices for goods and determine how much is produced, and it can focus labor and resources on industries and projects without having to wait for investment capital from the private sector.

                                                  A mixed economic system is an economic system that features characteristics of both capitalism and socialism. A mixed economic system protects private property and allows a level of economic freedom in the use of capital, but also allows for governments to interfere in economic activities in order to achieve social aims. According to neoclassical theory, mixed economies are less efficient than pure free markets, but proponents of government interventions argue that the base conditions such as equal information and rational market participants cannot be achieved in practical application.

                                                  !--break--Most modern economies feature a synthesis of two or more economic systems, with economies falling at some point along a continuum. The public sector works alongside the private sector, but may compete for the same limited resources. Mixed economic systems do not block the private sector from profit-seeking, but do monitor profit levels and may nationalize companies that are deemed impediments to the public good. The United States is mostly a free market economy, but it incorporates elements such as protection for agriculture and manufacturing by through trade restrictions and subsidies. This makes the United States a mixed economy by definition.

                                                  Difference from Free Markets

                                                  Mixed economic systems are not laissez-faire systems, because the government is involved in planning the use of some resources and can exert control over businesses in the private sector. Governments may seek to redistribute wealth by taxing the private sector, and using funds from taxes to promote social objectives. Trade protection, subsidies, targeted tax credits, fiscal stimulus and public-private partnerships are common examples of government intervention in mixed economies. These usually do not generate massive economic distortions, but instead are instruments to achieve specific goals.

                                                  Countries often interfere in markets to promote target industries by creating agglomerations and reducing barriers to entry in an attempt to achieve comparative advantage. This was common among different East Asian countries in the 20th century, and the region has turned into a global manufacturing center for a variety of industries. Some nations have come to specialize in textiles, while others are known for machinery, and others are hubs for electronic components. These sectors rose to prominence after governments protected young companies as they achieved competitive scale and promoted adjacent services such as shipping.

                                                  Difference from Socialism

                                                  Socialism entails more social ownership of the means of production. Proponents of socialism believe that central planning can achieve greater good for a larger number of people. They do not trust that free market outcomes will achieve the efficiency and optimization posited by classical economists, so socialists advocate measures that can include price fixing, income redistribution and intense trade restriction. Mixed economies rarely go to this extreme, instead identifying only select instances in which intervention could achieve outcomes unlikely to be achieved in free markets.



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