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Importance of Container Lashing

    pronkmultiservice
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    Importance of Container Lashing

    Container or liner trade is one of the swiftest and easiest modes of transporting cargo. Due to technological advancements in the shipping industry, the largest container ship is now able to carry more than 21000 containers, with the ability to stack 24 rows of containers on board. There is increased concern about the safety of the ship, its crew, and cargo due to the huge numbers of containers being carried on board.

     

    A container is loaded onto a container ship normally when the ship is floating steadily in the water. This movement is nothing compared to what the ship would face at sea. During a sea voyage, the ship encounters external forces which result in six forms of motions acting on the ship. Considering the increased size and capacity of the ship, these motions of the sea are a threat to the integrity of the ship and would require proper container lashing and securing on the deck of the ship.  Improper container lashing and failure to adhere to the procedures required for proper container stowage on ships is dangerous to property, life, and the environment at sea.

     

    To avoid getting into situations like these it would be the responsibility of the concerned personnel to be competent enough to properly plan and approve the measure to maintain safe carriage of the cargo at all times. This is done by proper planning of container lashing and securing.

     

    A few incidents of containers falling of ships has been noticed and this has been attributed due to the improper lashing of containers on board. Container lashing, the process of securing containers on board a ship, is one of the areas of risk in the marine cargo handling sector. Through the usage of various securing equipment like lashing rods, turnbuckles, twist-locks, and much more, containers can be secured to the ship's structure and to the container placed below it. This securing equipment prevents the movement of cargo from their fixed slots during rough weather.

     

    The key regulatory instrument for securing cargo is the "Code of Practice for Cargo Stowage and Securing" (CSS Code) which the International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted in 1991. The CSS Code is to provide an international standard to promote the safe stowage and securing of cargoes.

     

    Also Read: The Top 10 Industrial Packaging Trends

     

    Few general principles as per CSS code on how to secure cargo and container lashing.

     

    • All cargoes need to be stowed and secured to prevent any risk to the ship and the people on board
    • The safe stowage and securing of cargoes need to be done through proper planning, execution, and supervision
    • Personnel hired for the tasks of cargo stowage and securing should be properly qualified and experienced
    • Personnel need to have a sound practical knowledge of the application and content of the CSS code
    • Decisions taken for measures of stowage and securing cargo should be based on the most severe weather conditions which may be expected
    • Ship-handling decisions taken by the master, especially in bad weather conditions, should keep in mind the type and stowage position of the cargo and securing arrangements

     

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